Custom Aquarium Design

Aquarium Tips, Custom Aquarium Design

Great Small Fish for Planted Custom Aquariums

Botias are a family of fish, many of which eat snails, so they can be very helpful in planted aquariums where snail infestations can become overwhelming and difficult to manage.

This particular species is called Ambastaia sidthimunki (also Botia sidthimunki). It has several common aliases including dwarf loach, pygmy loach, and chain loach. They can be found naturally in Thailand and are very peaceful. A. sidthimunki are great snail eaters and only grow to about 2.5 in. (6 cm.) so they are well suited for aquariums under 75 gallons. When keeping A. sidthimunki, be sure to decorate your aquarium with plenty of rocks or wood to create small hiding places to provide security for these small fish. They are a social fish which do well in groups and it is best to keep them with other species that are small and peaceful.

If you would like to know more about this amazing fish, give Diamond Aquatics a call at (973) 356-4434.

Custom Aquarium Design, Aquarium Tips

Finding Fish for Your New Aquarium

There are tons of different types of fish that one is able to acquire for their custom aquarium today. A budding aquarist can do research on Google and be overwhelmed at all the types of aquatic life to keep as pets in a custom fish tank.

We wanted to share some suggestions for fish to support your aquarium hobby….

Black Tetras -These are schooling fish, and should be kept in a group of 4 or more so that one does not dominate and tire out the others. They easily adapt to a new setup, and have big appetites.

 


White Clouds - These fish are good for smaller tanks. They are very peaceful and make a pretty display against a dark background in your tank.

 

Platies - These fish are fascinating and captivating to watch. They are live-bearers, which means they give birth to live offspring instead of laying eggs. They are easily bred in captivity and they come in an assortment of colors.

 

Clown Fish - Remember Finding Nemo? The characters Nemo and Merlin were modeled after either the “Percula” or the "Ocellaris" clown fish. These two species are nearly indistinguishable to the untrained eye. There are many other species of clown fish that look quite different though. In recent years, captive bred/raised specimens have become widely available to hobbyists and are an environmentally friendly choice for your saltwater aquarium.

 

Of course, this is just a short list of fish to consider for your aquarium.  Call Diamond Aquatics today so that we can help you find the best pets for your tank.

Aquarium Tips, Custom Aquarium Design

Glass or Acrylic for Your Custom Aquarium?

Are you trying to decide between a glass or acrylic custom aquarium? We’d like to share some information about both types.

Glass Aquariums

  • If the tank is under 100 gallons, glass can be less expensive than acrylic. Keep in mind that when you exceed this size, the cost will shoot up. This is due to the thickness of glass and possible freight/handling fees.
  • Because glass is a lot heavier than acrylic (7 times heavier!), installation and subsequent moving can be a lot more difficult.
  • Glass can break. A fallen rock inside the tank or a child banging it with something hard could cause some glass to break.
  • Glass has a slight tint to it (a faint green hue), but this color does not yellow like clear acrylic can after time.

Acrylic Aquariums

  • Acrylic is completely clear and has no color, however it is more easily scratched. Aquarium maintenance must be performed very carefully, especially when scrubbing algae.
  • Acrylic is a lot stronger than glass and more flexible. It also has no seams, and is more easily drilled into.
  • Acrylic retains temperature better as an insulator, which can be good for warm water tropical aquaria. However, it could be a problem for more delicate reef life.

Both glass and acrylic are equally capable materials with which to build your custom aquarium. Still undecided? Call Diamond Aquatics at 973-356-4434 and we will be happy to give you a consultation on the right choice for your fish tank!

Aquarium Maintenance, Aquarium Preservation, Custom Aquarium Design

Preserving the Species

Environmentalists often think that keeping a decorative aquarium is destructive to aquatic ecosystems. Dedicated aquarium hobbyists will strongly argue that it is their goal to help preserve the species they keep, in the interest of preserving the ecosystem and the species that exist in it.

Collectors (people who catch the animals) are held responsible for a large part of preservation; they catch the animals in their natural environments and export them to stores for sale to the public. Collectors must follow rules set forth by the governments of the countries where the animals are collected by obtaining certain permits issued for most marine animals. These permits limit the amount of each species to be collected from each region. If used properly, the permits regulate species so that they can rebuild their population before the next round of permits are issued.

Aquaculture, the captive breeding of ornamental aquarium animals, is the ideal solution to species preservation. If more species were bred in captivity, less would need to be removed from their natural habitats. Therefor, the environmental impact would be far less. The aquarium hobby industry has made great strides toward this goal in the last fifteen years. Most freshwater fish and plant species are already being bred in captivity along with an increasing number of marine fish and invertebrates.

Let's not forget that the hobbyist must be responsible as well. Animals do not come from an infinite source. If one dies in an aquarium and is replaced, it may represent another animal removed from its natural environment. However, if hobbyists educate themselves about each animal they own, and engage in a proper aquarium maintenance routine, they can do a better job of keeping those animals healthy and alive. This will reduce the need to replace the animals in the home or office aquarium and, in turn, reduce the amount of animals removed from their natural habitats. Hobbyists should also look to purchase captive bred animals, instead of wild caught animals, for their aquariums. This will also reduce the demand for animals removed from natural environments and increase the demand for captive bred animals. As demand for captive bred animals increases, so will captive breeding. As breeding facilities get larger, the prices for captive bred animals will decrease and, eventually, the price for captive bred animals should be less than that of wild caught animals.

Building the proper aquarium is crucial in keeping aquatic animals alive. The animals come from such diverse environments that it would be impossible to set up one aquarium that would be suitable for all fish. The system must be tailored to the needs of the species to be kept within. Consistent maintenance is also imperative. Aquariums are not perfect systems. Without routine maintenance, toxins build up to intolerable levels and cause stress to your aquatic pets. This stress can cause illness and even death. If you need help designing the right custom aquarium or maintaining an existing one, send a message to us at info@diamondaquatics.com.

Custom Aquarium Design

Spotlight on a Large Fish Only with Live Rock Aquarium

At a whopping 900-gallons, this Fish Only with Live Rock (FOWLR) custom aquarium in New Jersey is definitely the center of attention in the great room of this home. It is also a fine example of Diamond Aquatics' systems design expertise.

Included in the filter room are a 125-gallon refugium, 100-gallon primary sump, and a 300-gallon secondary sump. Two main pumps alternate day and night to create low flow during the night and high flow during the day. The tank was lifted into place with a pallet jack and foam blocks. Blocks were added progressively until the tank was above the stand, and then the tank was rolled into place using pipes as rollers.

Looking for a similar, custom fish tank installation for your home or business? Or perhaps another option which will fit perfectly in your space? Diamond Aquatics will provide you with a free consultation. 

Custom Aquarium Design

Spotlight on a Recessed Nook Aquarium

This standard 120-gallon, reef-ready custom aquarium was squeezed into a custom-built area so it would be viewable from three sides. Because the aquarium is located in the recreational area of the home, the owners were concerned about noise from the aquarium filter system interfering with their surround sound system. For this reason, Diamond Aquatics utilized a small area in the garage space directly behind the aquarium to place the filter system instead of putting it inside the cabinet.

Other benefits of placing the filter system remotely include increased storage space under the tank for accessories such as test kits, food, nets and salt. In addition, the cool air in the garage helps keep the aquarium cool during the winter months thus preventing the chiller from running and saving electricity (and money!). In the summer, the hot exhaust air from the chiller does not blow into the living space which would then impose greater demand on the home climate control system.

Looking for a similar, custom fish tank setup for your home or business? Diamond Aquatics will provide you with a free consultation. 

Custom Aquarium Design, Aquarium Tips, Aquarium Preservation

How to Keep Your Custom Aquarium Cool

No matter what part of the country you live in, you’ve probably been feeling those high summer temps lately.  As a human, you are able to hop into the pool, ocean, or lake and then scoot into an air conditioned space to keep cool. But how can your pets cope, especially your aquatic ones?

When hot weather strikes, it can be problematic to keep the water comfortable for the fish in your custom aquarium. A rise in water temperature requires more oxygen for the fish, since their own metabolism also rises. This can directly affect the overall health of your fish.  How can it be remedied?

We recommend installing a chiller on your aquarium; usually a must-have for reef aquariums. A chiller will lower temperature by removing heat from the water, as opposed to creating cold. You set the temperature and can control it with a thermostat.

There are two chiller styles to consider: in-line or drop-in. An in-line chiller uses internal heat exchange, relying on water pumps to transport water to the heat exchange and carry it back to the main system already cooled. A drop-in chiller has an external heat exchange. A probe is put into the sump area of the filter and contacts the aquarium water, with a return pump which ensures temp control.

Which chiller is right for you? Give Diamond Aquatics a call at 973-356-4434 and we’d be happy to help you figure it out. Remember, just because your fish are already swimming around in the water, doesn’t mean that they don’t need to keep cool too!

Aquarium Tips, Custom Aquarium Design, General Information

Don't Pay More than You Have to for Your Custom Aquarium

Some of the most common expenses custom aquarium hobbyists face can be avoided with some simple research before picking out and purchasing an aquarium and its accessories. Establishing your specific needs or wants and then researching the requirements for your ideal aquarium before you make a purchase will help you avoid unforeseen catastrophes and unneeded expenses. Picking the proper aquarium size and choosing the right filter equipment are integral parts of any new hobbyists decision to start an aquarium. Proper aquarium maintenance is also a crucial part of your aquatic pets’ health and will help save you money over time by reducing the number of animals you will purchase.

We have written the perfect guide to help you make the your decisions. Receive our complimentary guide for choosing the right aquarium setup the first time by emailing info@diamondaquatics.com.

Aquarium Maintenance, Custom Aquarium Design, General Information

Seahorses in Your Custom Aquarium

Seahorses are beautiful and intriguing creatures. Can you imagine keeping them in your custom aquarium?

As long as you have the proper saltwater aquarium setup, it is possible…but, very difficult. Aquarium maintenance for seahorses requires a lot more attention than other fish and marine life. These creatures are a favorite of Diamond Aquatics owner, Nick Diamond, so we’re sharing some fun facts with you. Read on…

 

 

  1. Seahorses are actually fish! They are predatory however they are poor swimmers. They are the slowest moving marine fish. Some only move 5 feet per hour.
  2. Even though seahorses are slow swimmers, these predators have one of the fastest strikes in the ocean.
  3. Did you know male seahorses are the ones who get pregnant? It’s true; a female seahorse deposits her eggs into the male’s pouch for fertilization by his sperm.
  4. Less than 1% of a seahorse’s eggs will survive to develop into maturity, that’s why a male seahorse could give birth to as many as 2,000 babies at a time.
  5. Seahorses can change color when they are stressed out; their skin changes color since they do not have scales.
  6. Seahorses can only curl their tails frontwards, not backwards. Sometimes they wrap it around things when they are sleeping so that they do not float away.

Keeping seahorses is a lot of work, however, we can help you find the best solution for your custom aquarium! Contact us today for more information.

Custom Aquarium Design, Aquarium Tips

Ideas About Custom Aquarium Lighting

Sunlight is a big asset to any home or office environment space, so why not use natural daylight to light your custom aquarium? After all, the sun is good enough to support aquatic life in oceans and reefs, right?  Well, your custom fish tank is a very different environment than in the wild, so consider your lighting carefully. Natural daylight can only work if you have an excellent cooling system, and don’t care to view your display at night (which is no fun)! Because chillers for your tank can get expensive, and looking at a tank all lit up in the dark is pretty darn cool, we recommend you always turn to artificial lighting for your custom aquarium.

There are a few types of lighting that you can consider:

  • Fluorescent Light
  • Metal Halide (MH) and Hydrargyrum Quartz Iodide (HQI) Lighting
  • LED Lights

The most commonly used lighting in aquarium design is fluorescent. They are the most cost-effective and release lower levels of heat. But any of the three options could be the right kind for your tank.  Whatever you choose, set your lights on a timer. You can set these up to come on at night, or even mimic phases of the moon … just make sure to keep it consistent on a daily basis.

Lighting is very important for your custom aquarium. Treat it as an investment.  We can help you choose the right kind. Call Diamond Aquatics today to get started!

Custom Aquarium Design

Freshwater Fish-Only Aquarium Setup

Freshwater fish in a custom aquarium are generally less expensive than marine fish, making them the most common fish for hobbyists to start with. Many species of freshwater fish stay smaller than marine fish so smaller aquaria can be used as well. Freshwater aquariums can be set up in two ways, with live plants or without them. We will refer to an aquarium without live plants as a freshwater “fish-only” aquarium setup.

A freshwater fish-only setup will have four major components;

  • a filter
  • a heater/thermometer
  • gravel/decorations
  • a light

The filter should be chosen based on the size of the tank. The “bigger is better” rule applies here. It is not possible to over-filter a freshwater fish-only aquarium so choose the biggest filter you can afford or that will fit on your aquarium.

The heater should be sized by the wattage of the heater versus the water volume of the tank. You will need 3-5 watts of heat for every gallon of water. Most new heaters have temperature settings on them but these are not always precise. You should always have a separate thermometer to measure the aquarium temperature. A submersible glass thermometer will be more accurate than an external stick-on thermometer.

The gravel and décor can be anything you think looks attractive. Keep in mind that most fish require some type of shelter in order to feel safe and look their best so make sure to provide plenty of hiding places for your pets.

The light is of little significance in a fish-only aquarium. It is merely for displaying your fish and does not need to provide any energy for plant growth. Incandescent lights, which are less expensive than fluorescent lights, will be fine for this application although fluorescent lights tend to have a more attractive output spectrum. The light should never be left on for more than 10 hours per day. Fish have no eyelids therefore they cannot sleep well with the light on and will become stressed and possibly sick without a resting period. Since algae uses light to grow, you will also have increased algae growth if you leave the light on too long. Old light bulbs promote excessive algae growth as well. As they get older the output spectrum degrades and becomes more usable by algae for energy. Replacing bulbs yearly will keep this from happening.

Got questions? Contact the aquariums experts at Diamond Aquatics and we will be happy to help. Call 973-356-4434 today!

Aquarium Tips, Custom Aquarium Design

Live Plants in Your Freshwater Aquarium

Since freshwater fish are generally less expensive than marine fish, you might consider spending some of your budget on live plants. Keeping live plants in your freshwater custom aquarium will require proper preparation.

Your aquarium filter is less important if your aquarium has live plants because the plants will do some of the filtering for you. In order for plants to thrive they need three major elements:

  • light,
  • fertilizer, and
  • carbon dioxide (CO2)

The lighting is important because plants need energy from light to create sugars, which they will use to grow. Aquarium light output is measured in degrees Kelvin (ºK). Most bulbs are between 4,500ºK and 20,000ºK. As the Kelvin rating moves from 4,500 to 20,000, the light output changes from a yellow color to a blue color.  At about 10,000ºK appears very white. The lower Kelvin bulbs are ideal for plant growth. It is common for people to use a mixture of 4,500ºK and 6,500ºK to provide the optimum growth spectrum for the plants, as well as a slightly whiter spectrum for a more appealing look.

Another concern is the wattage of the lighting. The wattage translates to energy and the plants will grow more quickly and colorfully if there is more power available. You should have 2-4 watts of light per gallon of aquarium volume for live plants to thrive. To address this issue you will be faced with a decision about the format of the lighting to be used.

Standard fluorescent is the least expensive but is the weakest format. Next are Power Compact (PC), T/5 and Very High Output (VHO) lighting. In my opinion, these three lighting formats will give you roughly the same result and only differ in heat output and mounting format. PC and T/5 lighting seem to be common due to their availability in prefabricated enclosures and the actual bulb sizes. The last option is Metal Halide lighting, which is extremely powerful but also expensive to purchase and operate. They also produce extreme heat and can easily overheat the aquarium. For this reason, Metal Halide lighting is not a popular choice for aquariums with live plants.

Once you have considered the proper lighting for your plants, you must also consider proper fertilization. Although the leaves of a plant take in light and use it to create sugars for energy, the roots also need to draw in nutrients from the gravel and a good fertilized substrate will provide those nutrients. If this issue is considered in the design stages of your aquarium project, you will save yourself considerable time and energy later. Liquid fertilizers can be added to the aquarium on a routine basis but if you setup the aquarium with a fertilized substrate you can avoid having to use several different liquids.

Plants need to breathe as well as animals, but they do it differently than animals do. First, plants breathe opposite compared to animals. Instead of taking in oxygen (O2) and producing CO2, they take in CO2 and produce O2 during the day and then the process reverses at night when there is no light. Second, plants cannot pull air into their bodies, since they do not have lungs. They can only absorb what is touching the physical structure of the plant. This means it is crucial to make sure there is enough dissolved CO2 in the water for your plants.

CO2 can be introduced into an aquarium in a number of ways. One way is to use a liquid supplement, but the most effective way is to use a CO2 regulator system. This type of system consists of a CO2 gas cylinder, a regulator valve, a diffuser to mix the CO2 with the water, and a pH controller to turn the system on or off depending on the pH level of the aquarium. The aquarium pH will lower as the CO2 level increases so it is wise to use a pH controller to monitor and shut off the CO2 system before the pH level gets too low.

Don’t forget about maintenance when it comes to keeping a freshwater aquarium with live plants. If you feel that upkeep of your tank is a daunting task, we provide scheduled aquarium maintenance services appropriate for your setup. Keeping things clean and fresh is essential to the health of your aquarium and the animals within it.

Custom Aquarium Design, Aquarium Tips

Small Space Aquariums

In our last post, we talked about some of the things to consider when choosing a large aquarium. If you are working with limited space and must choose a smaller custom aquarium, then you should only purchase fish that will stay small enough to live in the aquarium for their entire life. When purchasing fish, do not assume they will stay the same size as you see them in the store. A majority of what you will find in retail stores are juvenile fish, and are only a fraction of their adult size.

A great example is a very common freshwater fish called the “iridescent shark”. First of all, the iridescent shark is not a shark at all. It is a type of catfish. Second, the name does not refer to just one species of fish. It refers to a number of species in the Pangasius genus that look very similar as juveniles. Most of the iridescent shark species grow to be over 3 feet long. One even reaches 10 feet in the wild! As you can see, the cute, “3-inch-miniature-shark-looking” fish that you thought would be really cool to have in your 10-gallon aquarium may possibly grow to a “not-so-cute-anymore-what-the-heck-am-I-going-to-do-with-this” fish.

As mentioned always, it is always best to educate yourself BEFORE you purchase equipment and/or animals. Research the animals you like and find out how big they can grow, how much space they require, how aggressive they are and what foods they eat. This will ensure a proper selection of animals for your tank and will help you avoid problems down the line.

Aquarium Tips, Custom Aquarium Design

Large Aquarium Considerations

You hear the phrase "Go Big or Go Home" a lot lately.  If you are thinking about a large-scale custom aquarium at your home or business, make sure to consider all the steps involved for setup and aquarium maintenance. Taking additional time to plan -- prior to buying and setting up your large tanks -- is worth it and will save you both money and frustration later.

If you do choose a large aquarium (over 90 gallons), make sure the floor area you are placing it on is properly supported. Remember, freshwater weighs approximately 8 lbs/gallon and salt water weighs approximately 8.5 lbs/gallon. In most new construction buildings (post-1960), this issue does not arise. In older buildings, placing the aquarium along a structurally supported wall usually ensures proper aquarium support. If you are unsure of the structural capacity of the flooring, do not assume it will work. Consult an engineer for a professional opinion.

There are many more things to take into consideration, such as tank or stand construction, power access, heating & cooling, overflows & leveling, and safety.  The professional aquarium experts at Diamond Aquatics can help recommend the best solution for you, as well as calculate the costs associated with it. Contact us today at 973-356-4434 or info@diamondaquatics.com.

Aquarium Maintenance, Aquarium Preservation, Custom Aquarium Design

The Responsible Aquarium Hobbyist

The aquarium design industry occasionally comes under fire from environmentalists who think that the aquarium hobby is destructive to aquatic ecosystems. Aquarium hobbyists will strongly argue that it is their goal to help preserve the species they keep, in the interest of preserving the ecosystem and the species that exist in it. However, a large portion of responsibility falls on the people who catch the animals (know as collectors) in their natural environments and export them to retail stores for sale to the general public. A collector must follow rules set forth by the governments of the countries where the animals are collected. CITES (pronounced ‘sightees’) permits are issued for most ornamental marine animals. These permits limit the amount of each species to be collected from each region. If collectors use these permits properly, then the regulated species should have time to rebuild its population before the next round of permits are issued.

Aquarium hobbyists need to be responsible as well. It is important to realize that animals don’t come from an infinite source. If one dies in an aquarium and is replaced, it represents another animal removed from its natural environment. If hobbyists educate themselves about each animal they own, and engage in a proper aquarium maintenance routine, they can do a better job of keeping those animals healthy and alive. This will reduce the need to replace the animals in the home or office aquarium and, in turn, reduce the amount of animals removed from their natural habitats.

Building the proper aquarium, and consistent aquarium service is crucial in keeping aquatic animals alive. The animals come from such diverse environments that it would be impossible to set up one aquarium that would be suitable for all fish. The system must be tailored to the needs of the species to be kept within.

We are here to help. Contact Diamond Aquatics today at 973-356-4434 or info@diamondaquatics.com for more information or to schedule a consultation.

Aquarium Filtration, Aquarium Maintenance, Custom Aquarium Design

Aquarium Maintenance: Mechanical Filtration

It’s important to remember that proper aquarium maintenance is a crucial part of your aquatic pets’ health, and will help save you money over time by reducing the number of animals you will purchase.

Just like cats and dogs need to be bathed and kept after, all aquariums require regular maintenance. This fact eludes most people who have never had an aquarium before. It’s called maintenance, and not simply cleaning, because you are not just making it look nice, you are actually removing potential harmful compounds! For some hobbyists, this aquarium maintenance process is an enjoyable, stress-relieving aspect of the hobby. For those who would rather not take on the chore, yet still want to have an aquarium, Diamond Aquatics provides maintenance services to fit the needs of your custom aquarium.

A good filtration system is an important part of aquarium service. Many people purchase inadequate filters for their first aquarium and eventually have to purchase a more advanced filter later. Avoid this expense by researching before you buy. Understanding how aquarium filters actually work will help you make the right purchase the first time and also help you fully appreciate the need to properly maintain an aquarium. There are three main functions to most common filters:

  • Mechanical filtration
  • Chemical filtration
  • Biological filtration

This article explains the mechanical filtration function.

Mechanical filtration usually appears in the form of a piece of foam or polyester floss. The sole function of this medium is to physically “catch” large particles of waste that are pulled into the filter. Rinse or replace the foam or polyester floss regularly, as this will remove a substantial amount of solid waste from the aquarium. Rinsing should generally be done every 2 to 4 weeks but, in some aquariums, may require more frequent attention.

In our next blog post, we’ll discuss chemical filtration.  For more tips and advice, Diamond Aquatics can answer your questions or guide you towards the right aquarium maintenance solution. 

Custom Aquarium Design, Aquarium Maintenance, Aquarium Tips

Aquarium Lighting

Lighting is a very important part of any custom aquarium system. However, each type of aquarium setup has specific lighting requirements. There are 3 common groups of setups to be considered: fish only (freshwater or marine), live-plants (freshwater only), and reef (marine only).

Regardless of the type of setup you have, it is important aquarium maintenance to replace ALL of your light bulbs every 9-12 months. As a bulb is used over long periods of time, its output spectrum deteriorates. After approximately 9-12 months, the remaining spectrum will promote unwanted and excessive algae growth.

Another important lighting fact is the need to have them on an appropriate time cycle. Every aquarium needs to have a “day” and a “night” cycle. Fish do not have eyelids so, in order to rest, they require a period of darkness in the aquarium. This cycle can be manipulated to suit your schedule but it needs to be relatively consistent.

Plants and some corals use light for energy but, make no mistake, corals are NOT plants. Corals are invertebrate animals, some of which have algae living in their outer tissue. This is called a commensal relationship. The coral protects the algae by allowing it to live inside its skin and the algae uses light to produce sugars through photosynthesis. The coral then uses those sugars for energy. Plants and alga perform different functions in light than they do in darkness, and these functions are important to their health.  Therefore it is important to provide plants and corals with an appropriate light cycle.

Most reef and live-plant hobbyists know the inhabitants of their aquariums require light as a source of energy. Most of these hobbyists are also aware that they are recommended to use 2-4 watts per gallon for a live-plant setup and 3-5 watts per gallon for a reef setup. What some of these hobbyists do NOT know is what type of lighting to use or what spectrum will be most beneficial for their specific setup.

In a reef aquarium, a high-intensity bulb, such as a metal halide bulb, will give the best coral growth rates and deepest light penetration to the lower parts of the aquarium (water filters out light intensity very quickly). The downside to these high-intensity bulbs is cost. They are expensive to purchase and draw a tremendous amount of electricity so they are expensive to operate as well. They will also generate excessive amounts of heat and may necessitate the use of a chiller to keep the aquarium at the right temperature. Chillers are also expensive to purchase and operate.

Some alternatives to metal-halide bulbs include a range of florescent bulbs:

  • Very-High-Output (VHO)
  • T5-VHO
  • Power-Compact (PC)

Yet another alternative is the use of LED bulbs although these are expensive to purchase. Most hobbyists choose the fluorescent bulbs since they are the least expensive to purchase and operate yet still yield acceptable results.

For more information on aquarium lighting, contact Diamond Aquatics and we will be happy to answer any questions you have.